Gynecologic oncology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant tumors in the female reproductive system. In recent years, the field has seen considerable development and is an independent specialist discipline requiring a board-certified qualification. Technologies now available to surgeons make early identification of tumors possible, as well as precise diagnosis and state-of-the-art treatment, including surgery if required.
Under what circumstances should you consult our gynecologic oncology surgeon?
- Identification of benign and malignant tumors and subsequent diagnosis
- Treatment of benign and malignant tumors
- Vulvar tumors: Biopsy for diagnostic purposes, or, if necessary, removal of the entire tumor followed by examination of the removed tissue. It is relatively rare for vulvar tumors to be malignant. The development of some forms of these tumors is associated with some variants of the HPV virus.
- In the event of vaginal tumors: Cysts are the most common form of vaginal growth and may require removal if the patients suffers discomfort of if the cyst continues to grow. Malignant tumors can develop on the skin of the vagina, but these growths are relatively rare among gynecologic tumors.
- In the event of vulvar tumors: Vulvar tumors are equally likely to be benign and malignant. The most common types of benign tumor are polyps.Certain variants of the HPV virus are responsible for tissue becoming potentially cancerous. This does not generally result in complaints but can be identified by cancer screening. If an issue is found, we employ a new approach to treating the condition. If surgery is necessary, it is recommended to use LOOP conization with a radio-frequency surgery device. This method effectively minimizes damage to the vulva.
- In the event of uterine tumors: Myomas, growths in the wall of the uterus, are the most common types of cell change found in gynecology. By the age of 35, they occur in 41% of patients, while this figure grows to 70% by the age of 50. The growth of myomas developing beneath the lining of the peritoneum can increasingly constrict space in the abdominal cavity, thereby potentially obstructing urination and defecation. When these growths occur beneath the inner lining of the uterus membrane they can primarily cause irregular bleeding, but can also result in problems in getting pregnant by obstructing the fertilized egg from implanting in the wall of the uterus. Myomas developing between the fibers of the uterus can also occupy space in the abdominal cavity next to the uterus and cause problems. They can also appear directly in the vulva. Polyps can also develop from the membrane of the uterus and can be recognized by ultrasound examinations. Pathological changes to the uterus are not caused by viruses and occur more commonly in obese and diabetic individuals, as well as those suffering from high blood pressure, particularly after the age of 50.
- Ovarian tumors: Benign tumors frequently occur in the uterus, particular among younger women. Growths known as functional cysts are not real tumors, but cell changes associated with irregularities in the maturation of ova. If the cyst does not disappear of its own accord or causes discomfort, it can be removed through surgery. Malignant tumors in the ovary do not generally produce symptoms for some time and must be treated with surgery.
Examinations and surgery available in our clinic:
- Gynecological, oncology surgery consultation
- Diagnosis of tumorous conditions (ultrasound examinations, laboratory tests, etc.)
- Pre-operative examinations (targeted laboratory tests, internal examinations, chest X-rays)
- Minor inpatient operations, post-operative check-ups
- Major operations are carried out by our specialist in the István Hospital, while preliminary consultation and check-ups take place in our clinic.