Artificial insemination is one possible treatment method for infertility. A medical assessment can determine if the treatment is suitable and some routine tests should be completed before the artificial insemination takes place. If the assessment does not identify a specific cause for the infertility, then the issue is diagnosed as 'unexplained infertility'. In this case, artificial insemination may be the next step. Artificial insemination is usually required if conception has not been occured even though the fallopian tube is permeable and the sperm parameters are normal.
How does artificial insemination work?
The right quantity and quality of sperm is needed for artificial insemination and the right timing is essential. The egg cells are only capable of conception 24-36 hours after ovulation has taken place, which means the sperm cells much reach the fallopian tube during this period. If the ovarian follicle maturation process is regular, the treatment can be completed during its spontaneous cycle. Minimal stimulation may also be applied to ensure a maximum of 2-3 ovarian follicles mature simultaneosly. The ovarian follicle maturation process is monitored by ultrasound. In most cases, an injection is used to split the mature ovarian follicles before they rupture spontaneously. This procedure helps to ensure that the timing is appropriate. The sperm is prepared in a laboratory the day prior to the artificial insemination procedure. Selected purified selected sperm cells are then placed in the uterine cavity with the aid of a soft synthetic catheter. The procedure is fast and no more uncomfortable than a gynecological cancer screening.